The
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The Distance Formula (page 2 of 2) The most common mistake made when using the Formula is to accidentally mismatch the xvalues and yvalues. Be careful you don't subtract an x from a y, or vice versa; make sure you've paired the numbers properly.
Also, don't get careless with the squareroot symbol. If you get in the habit of omitting the square root and then "remembering" to put it back in when you check your answers in the back of the book, then you'll forget the square root on the test, and you'll miss easy points. You also don't want to be careless with the squaring inside the Formula. Remember that you simplify inside the parentheses before you square, not after, and remember that the square is on everything inside the parentheses, including the minus sign, so the square of a negative is a positive. By the way, it is almost
always better to leave the answer in "exact" form (the square
root ""
above). Rounding is usually reserved for the last step of word problems.
If you're not sure which format is preferred, do both, like this: Very often you will encounter the Distance Formula in veiled forms. That is, the exercise will not explicitly state that you need to use the Distance Formula; instead, you have to notice that you need to find the distance, and then remember (and apply) the Formula. For instance:
The radius is the distance between the center and any point on the circle, so I need to find the distance: Copyright © Elizabeth Stapel 20002011 All Rights Reserved Then the radius is sqrt(10), or about 3.16, rounded to two decimal places.
I'll plug the two points and the distance into the Distance Formula: Now I'll square both sides, so I can get to the variable: This means y = –9 or y = 7, so the two points are (4, –9) and (4, 7). If you're not sure why there are two points that solve this exercise, try drawing the (–2, –1) and then drawing a circle with radius 10 around this. Then draw the vertical line through x = 4. You'll see that the vertical line crosses the circle in two spots: (4, –9) and (4, 7). You can use the Mathway widget below to practice finding the distance between two points. Try the entered exercise, or type in your own exercise. Then click "Answer" to compare your answer to Mathway's. (Clicking on "View Steps" on the widget's answer screen will take you to the Mathway site, where you can register for a free sevenday trial of the software.) << Previous Top  1  2  Return to Index



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